Common Linux Configuration Files

Every user who switches from Windows to Linux has the fear of editing configuration files using the command line interface (CLI). If you are one of those people, then I am here to guide you through the most common configuration files found in a Linux system. Please note that to be able to edit these files, you need to have knowledge in file editors such as vim or pico.

System wide environment variables for all users.

List of devices and their associated mount points. Edit this file to add cdroms, DOS partitions and floppy drives at startup.

Message of the day broadcast to all users at login.

Bash script that is executed at the end of login process. Similar to autoexec.bat in DOS.

Contains full hostname including domain.

There are 4 directories that automatically execute all scripts within the directory at intervals of hour, day, week or month.

A list of all know host names and IP addresses on the machine.

Parameters for the Apache web server

Specifies the run level that the machine should boot into.

Defines IP addresses of DNS servers.